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Start Your Research Here!: Why can’t I just use Google?

Google searching: Why is this Important?

Google and other search engines (e.g., Bing, DuckDuckgo, Yahoo, etc.)  are amazing tools leading you to millions of pages of information, including images, text, video, audio, etc. But the Internet is NOT monitored or edited by ANYONE so the information is not always reliable or true. YOU are the evaluator of anything you use from the Internet.    

There are NO FILTERS

Surface/Deep/Dark Web: Why is this Important?

Understanding how the web is structured will help you get to the information you need. Notice that only 4% of the web is free, and 90% is behind security walls. We pay for the Library databases so they are behind a security wall where you need to log in to access them. 



Surface Web

The information found on the Surface Web is freely accessible and searchable with most web browsers.






Deep Web

Information located in the Deep Web is sometimes searchable via web browsers, but the full content is usually hidden behind a pay wall or is password protected to restrict use to certain people or organizations.





Dark Web

Dark Web information is typically encrypted and not intended to be easily accessible. Sometimes the information is encrypted for legitimate reasons, and sometimes it's encrypted to hide illegal information or sales. Part, but not all, of the Dark Web is searchable via Dark Web browsers.



Used with Permission from UCSD:


Information Literacy

INFORMATION LITERACY is a set of skills which allow a person to:

“Recognize when information is needed and to have the ability to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information.”

American Library Association. Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report. (1989). Chicago: American Library Association.

The information literate student should…

  • KNOW what you want to know, what kind of information you need, and how much you need.
  • ACCESS information effectively and efficiently by using appropriate search terms, synonyms, keywords, and Boolean operators (AND/OR).
  • EVALUATE information and its sources critically (using C.R.A.A.P method) and consider how it changes what you already know.
  • USE information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.
  • ETHICAL/LEGAL Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally. This includes copyright, censorship, plagiarism, and the need to provide correct citations.